In Bosnia and Herzegovina, trademark registration is mandatory to be granted rights over a trademark, as it is a "first to file" jurisdiction. Only in some exceptional cases can an unregistered trademark be protected. The trademark applications must be filed with the Intellectual Property Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina (IPR).
Bosnia and Herzegovina is also a also a member state to the Madrid Protocol. Thus, the extension of an international registration of a trademark via the Madrid System is possible for this country. For further information regarding our services for trademark filing through the Madrid System click here.
If you register a combined trademark (which includes both word elements and figurative elements) in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the exclusive right to use the trademark is limited to a use of the trademark in the exact configuration or way in which it was filed and registered. If you wish to use the word element of your trademark separately from the logo (or vice versa), it is recommended you register for another trademark including only the word or figurative elements you wish to use and protect separately.
Nevertheless, if a third party eventually intends to register or use a trademark for similar goods or services that includes a primary or distinct part or portion of your trademark, you will have the right to oppose the application based on confusing similarity. The probabilities of success for an opposition will vary in each case depending on the circumstances.
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, opposition actions may be filed by third parties against a local trademark application within three (3) months after the publication of the application in the trademarks gazette. In the case of applications designating Bosnia and Herzegovina and filed via the Madrid protocol, the timeframe is of three months starting on the first of the month after the publication in the WIPO gazette.
Although a trademark does not have to be in use in order for it to register, it must not go unused for longer than five years after registration or it will become vulnerable to cancellation actions based on lack of use of the trademark. Lack of use may be justified in some circumstances.
Registered trademarks in Bosnia and Herzegovina have a validity of ten (10) years from the application date and can be renewed indefinitely for further periods of ten (10) years. There is a grace period of six (6) months after the expiration date during which the trademark renewal may still be requested upon payment of a late renewal additional fee.
If you would like for the figurative or design elements of your trademark to be considered when assessing your trademark for registration in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Trademark Search Report), contact us directly in order to determine if we may be able to offer this in this jurisdiction. In such cases, prices for service and estimated delivery times may vary.